German cockroaches are one of the most common roaches found in apartment houses, restaurants, and hotels. German cockroaches (eggs included), are “brought in”, usually on man’s belongings, luggage, boxes or packages.
All it takes is bringing in one egg capsule, six months later you have an infestation.
American Cockroaches (Periplaneta Americana) are also known as a “water bug” or “palmetto bug.”
The American roach is reddish-brown, about 1.5 inches long or longer, winged, but seldom fly. The male wings are longer than the female wings. Young nymphs are gray-brown in color. As the American cockroaches mature, they become more reddish-brown in appearance. They have well developed wings, but don’t fly much unless temperatures are above 85 degrees, then they are known as “flying water bugs.”
Oriental Roaches are commonly called water bugs or black beetles. This cockroach is shiny black and is about 1.25 inches long. They have wings, but the male or female roach cannot fly. The total length for the female is 1 ¼” and 1″ for the male. The females have small nonfunctional wings while the males have wings that cover about ¾ of the abdomen, nether the female or male can fly. Adults are very dark brown or black in color.
Smoky Brown Roaches
The Smoky brown roach,(Periplaneta fuliginous), is slightly smaller than the American cockroach, and they have a uniform mahogany color. The American roach has a lighter color along the edges. Adults have well-developed wings that stretch to the tip of the abdomen. The young nymphs have long antennae, which are white at the tip.
The Brown Banded Cockroach is often confused with the German Roach, but its habits are different.
They are light brown, about 1/2 inch long. They have two light, irregular bands along their wings. The German Roach has two dark, distinctive bands behind their heads.